Currently, one of the most frequently spoken and changed words is “innovation”. The concept is became a kind of popular modern spell; apparently the key to the door better reality; the joyous promise of “good change” – a master as a back or a nail during numerous performances. Many speakers have tried to recruit the future and use it to work for the present. “Being in new” – ” lat. ‘in-novum ‘” or ” amendments. lat. ‘innovatio’ – extension; or’ in-novare’: update, modify, suggests something that hasn’t been done yet, and already a promising omen of what’s new.
What will be good is better than what is already there
Such a special vision of change, together with its understanding, is the essence of innovation, which, developing in man, awakens the inventor in him. Innovation, in fact, is a personal or social capacity, acceptance of new and rejection of the worn-out narrative (story). Traditionally this careful, intimate stories become romantic blessings. The most wygadani of us, have easier in the sense that intuitively use “new, attractive stories” and are able to enjoy them. Innovation is not a competence attributed to the archetypal form of the Polish intelligentsia, as most of them, like other Mamona of” cruise ” by R. Brewer, the user is guided by constant affection or mood, and loves only what he already knows.
Countless generations of rulers have appreciated the transformational ability to read and write as it has been the key to power and wealth since time immemorial. King Assurbanipal of the founder of the famous library in Nineveh, which prevailed in the years 669-631 BC and was famous for love “books,” thus spoke of himself: “I Aszurbanipal, the creation of the God Ashur and the goddess Belit, the hereditary Prince took the wisdom of the God NABU. I do all sorts of things writer of all the masters, the Scriptures, how many of them.” He instructed his officials to find and bring book collections and individual texts to the Royal library. Wrote about him: “he was Looking for urgent with the eyes of wisdom in the saved boards, where no king who was before him he sought the wisdom of NABU, the God subtitles …”.
“The pen is actually a beautiful scepter, and who should be a writer sometimes in his early youth carries a conscious or explicit sense of the Kingdom of the word. […] The pen becomes a magic wand magic imposing from the chaos of things, new, unknown fret, and, at the same time, a scepter to which this order is subject without grumbling.” L. Weisgerber developing the concept of the” totality of speech” by W. von Humboldt drew attention to the fact that it is not a world, but a language picture of the world is the sum of the contents or values contained in the Books and Reading catalogue of the lexical memory of the language community.
The sum of these contents and feelings consists of some specific subsets of possible frames – “indirect linguistic entities”. The basis of these entities are certain “mental portions”, which are a combination of meanings, characteristic of the history and application of words and, above all, in their distribution. Production, literature, as a rule, a psychological compensation. The author, who creates a new world – fictitious – “in confusion”, turns it into alternative content, because the real state for some reason fails or does not correspond to a possible modern form. The new narrative describes the world as freed from old conditions or problems. This becomes an attempt at a new reality, since “thinking” is by nature a trial action. (S. Freud)
Homo unius libri
“Homo unius libri” the most destructive human feeling is fear. Fear of a new, even more powerful opponent in the intellectual dimension, especially for someone that has zealously devoted time and become a champion in a narrow discipline. In the interpretation of such a pronounced ” fear“, located its expression in the opinion:” homo unius libri “hiding fear is twofold: not only to those who” read only one book”, with the result that it has a limited worldview in one book, and simplistic view of the face.
It is believed that Saint Thomas Aquinas, rather, he used the terms ” prejudices of the unius libri timeo “(which means:” I fear the man of one book”), also due to the fact that such a person who has accurately mastered one good book (concept) can be dangerous as a hardworking, nieprzejednany opponent. The Greek poet ancient Archilochus, put it this way: “the Fox knows many things, but the hedgehog also knows one big thing.”
Narrow reading (learning) does not work, which in principle does, since life tends to move away from any restrictions. ”The universal feature of knowledge is that one has to log out of the system to understand it. ” j. Casti. To effectively learn-you should carefully read this book, close it and move on to the next. “You can’t accept what you’re in. The basis of our perception must always remain hidden from our perception; otherwise we will see this basis from another basis” V. bergkvist noted. “The tooth just can’t bite itself.”
The usefulness of reading books
The Outstanding American speaker Edward Everett used the wider attention of Saint Thomas “not only for the man of one book, but also for the man in one opinion, which lacks proportions, who sees only what he looks at.” British author Joseph Needham, in General conclusions for his work. “Science and civilization in China” – wittily wrote:”a Person who has read one book, has written only one book, has no more than one book, and also places faith in one book-experiences fear, which can also be felt on behalf of another person, who just as little has read, that he is completely at the mercy of this one book.”
Why read different books? For fun, or out of obligation? What is the usefulness of reading books? The most common meaning of reading books is self-learning understanding. The most basic parameter-to understand is the possibility of conscious reference to the ways of their participation in the world. Yes, certain understanding is a condition of genuine life and responsible projects, existential. “Be reasonable – after renouncing the theological areola-means: observe the rules without which neither man nor man can live.”
Reading for themselves, unconsciously, we find answers to questions that have not yet arisen. When the time comes, they will come alive. “Reading literary works about the content of scientific, artistic, legal, scientific is necessary to take part in a living tradition. The personality must reveal this meaning and thus bring him back to life. The usefulness of the reading based on the reconstruction of causal relationships and the interpretation of their importance the purpose of advancing what might happen. Reading helps to create a good personal world-a happy personality, compatible with the laws of the Universe.